• Using this format, captions are displayed on the center of the screen. This is best used for reality/episodic TV shows.

  • With this style, captions are displayed adjacent to the person(s) who are speaking. This style is best used for documentaries and movies.

  • With the roll-up format, captions scroll along the bottom portion of the screen in an upward motion. This style works best for TV shows or programs where the speech is fast-paced such as news, sports or other live programming.

  • If this premium service is needed, we can include sound effects (cheering, applause, sirens, etc.) and captions indicating music. Such features are used primarily for TV shows.


Approximately 15% of Americans (40 million) age 18 and older, are either deaf or hard of hearing. Having closed captioning available to these potential viewers could significantly increase the number of people consuming your content.

SDH are subtitles (or captions) specifically designed for people whose ability to hear is either limited or nonexistent. Unlike regular subtitles, SDH includes descriptive terms that indicate for the viewer certain non-verbal details about the program they are watching, such as the name of a song or descriptive sounds and actions occurring on screen.

SDH are not only valuable to those who are hearing-impaired, but also for viewers in certain places or situations where the sound might be muted or is otherwise unavailable.


USA Studios understands the legal requirements related to closed captioning and SDH. We follow FCC rules in accordance with the below:

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)

This act protects the accessibility rights of people with disabilities. Title I requires local and state entities to effectively communicate with all citizens. Title II mandates that certain public places must provide closed captioning for any video content that they present on site.

Who is affected

State and local government offices, educational institutions, libraries entertainment venues, museums, medical facilities, retail shops, restaurants and publicly available online resources.

The 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act of 2010 (CVAA)

This law regulates the accessibility of online video. Specifically, it requires broadcasters to provide closed captioning for TV programs that are being redistributed on their website.

Who is affected

Any website streaming video content that was previously aired on a U.S. TV station.

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973

Section 504 of this act requires entities that receive federal funding to provide equal access to people with disabilities.

Under Section 508, electronic and information technology resources by the Federal government must also be made accessible to disabled citizens.

Who is affected

Federal government offices in the U.S. as well as any organizations and educational institutions that receive federal funding

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